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The Centre provides knowledge services and capacity development assistance. Services include analytical and advisory services, learning and skill development, know-how and knowledge transfer, and technical assistance and institutional strengthening. All CFRR publications are available on this site.

Commonly used PULSAR Terms: English-Russian/Albanian/BCS translation

Publication | 2021

This document aims to help the PULSAR program beneficiaries and team members to use common terminology more consistently in preparation of PULSAR knowledge products in the future. 

Focus Areas

First-time Adoption of Accrual Basis IPSAS

Publication | 2021

The objective of this paper is to: (i) provide practical guidance based on worldwide experience to public sector accounting (PSA) practitioners, who intend to implement accrual basis International Public Sector Accounting Standards (IPSAS) directly or indirectly for the first time, and (ii) summarize key concepts of IPSAS 33.

Focus Areas

PULSAR – Drivers of Public Sector Accounting Reforms

Publication | 2021

This study is a knowledge product of the World Bank developed under the Public Sector Accounting and Reporting (PULSAR) Program. The objective of this paper is to help governments which are implementing Public Sector Accounting (PSA) reforms to identify, consider, and nurture drivers of those reforms. The paper explores the types of key drivers of public sector reforms, discusses the main challenges and obstacles associated with those drivers, and shares case study experiences from selected countries in an effort to illuminate the way to improved efforts and results in PSA reforms.

Focus Areas

Competency-based accounting education and assessment materials – Implementation Guide

Publication | 2020

This Guide seeks to provide guidance across the broad range of education, assessment, training and certification, including pre-and post-certification. It focuses on providing in-depth direction to educators on how to develop quality education and assessment materials within the context of a competency-based accounting education program.

Focus Areas

PULSAR Newsletters

Article | 2020

The PULSAR newsletter regularly reports on the program’s latest activities and on developments in public sector accounting and financial management, both internationally and in beneficiary countries.

Focus Areas

Stocktaking of Public Sector Accounting and Reporting Environment in PULSAR Beneficiary Countries

Publication | 2020

This study is a knowledge product of the World Bank in cooperation with the Institute of Public Management from Zurich University of Applied Sciences (ZHAW), developed under the Public Sector Accounting and Reporting (PULSAR) Program. This study analyzes the Public Sector Accounting (PSA) environment of thirteen beneficiary countries of the PULSAR program  by identifying strengths, challenges and opportunities within the PSA framework.

Focus Areas

Strengthening fixed asset management through public sector accounting

Report | 2020

This PULSAR knowledge product elaborates mechanisms through which asset accounting may contribute to optimize fixed asset portfolios of governments by providing scientifically sound and practical answers to the following main questions:

Focus Areas

Guide on Preparation for Private Equity: Can Venture Capital and Private Equity Work for You?

Publication | 2020

Access to finance is ranked as one of the constraints on businesses in the Western Balkans region Across the region, up to 99 percent of enterprises are small or medium-sized (SMEs). SMEs are a primary source of economic growth, innovation, and most importantly, job creation in the region. To attract funding from investors and grow their businesses successfully entrepreneurs need the necessary skills to become investment ready.

Focus Areas

PULSAR Progress Reports

Report | 2019

PULSAR program produces regular reports to inform donors, participants and other stakeholders of how the programs are developing. These progress reports summarize the activities carried out under the program and outline how the experience gained will be used to improve the design of the next stages of the program.

Focus Areas

Albania Accounting and Auditing Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes

A&A ROSC | 2019

The World Bank conducted reviews of accounting and auditing within the ROSC initiative at the invitation of Albania. The World Bank utilized a diagnostic tool that it developed to gather pertinent information for preparing the Accounting and Auditing ROSC.

Focus Areas